Click here for information
related to discipline (including suspensions, expulsions, and problem
solving) from Bridges4Kids.
How Can We Teach Kids to Stick Up For Peers Who are Bullied? -
Research has not only documented the great prevalence of bullying at
schools; it's also shown that quite often, children serve as passive
bystanders. They neither join in the bullying nor try to stop it, but
just watch it from the sidelines. Yet when these observers do
intervene, more often than not they're successful in stopping the
bullying. So why don't they intervene -- and perhaps more importantly,
how can parents and teachers effectively encourage them to intervene
when it's appropriate for them to do so?
TV, No Homework Can Turn Suspensions Into Vacations - This was
Kymber and Shawnte Andre-Sanders's punishment early this month: The
Prince William County sisters spent the day in their pajamas,
luxuriating in front of the television, contemplating 50 Cent's song
"Window Shopper," T.G.I. Friday's chicken-sandwich commercial and,
occasionally, such CNN news flashes as "Elvis Foils Robbers."
Keeping Suspended Students in School - Schools try to reduce
“official hooky.” Out-of-school suspensions can cost St. Louis-area
students tens of thousands of days a year - stealing valuable
instructional time from students as well as state dollars from school
Report Finds Schools Needlessly Arresting Growing Number of Youth
- Advancement Project has released its second report examining the over use
of zero tolerance school discipline policies and the growing reliance on police
and juvenile courts as disciplinarians-- Education on Lockdown: The Schoolhouse
to Jailhouse Track . The report examines the nationwide trend towards using zero
tolerance policies as the primary tool of discipline versus the last resort tool
for the most extreme cases of student misconduct.
here to read the press release. Click to
version of the audio news release. Also see:
Schoolhouse to Jailhouse Track (PDF).
Physical Restraint in School - The current emphasis on
educating children in the least restrictive environment has resulted
in the use of physical restraint procedures across all educational
placement settings, including public schools. Since its initial use,
restraint has been controversial. Professionals who use physical
restraint claim that it is necessary to safely manage dangerous
behaviors. Child advocates, however, argue that far too many children
suffer injury and death from the very staff charged with helping them.
The authors review research literature, legislation, and court
decisions on topics related to the use of restraint in schools and
identify position statements and recommended practices from nationally
recognized professional organizations and advocacy groups.
Recommendations are given for research, policy, and procedures for the
use and practice of physical restraint in schools.
Aggressive Discipline Can Backfire - An Australian study of
4,000 students and 600 teachers found that the best-behaved classes
had teachers who used positive rewards and inclusive decision-making,
rather than yelling and punishment. Researchers warn that difficult
students often discern that teachers don't like them, which only leads
them to misbehave more.
Recent presentations from the National Accountability Conference
Proceedings (PDF) covered PBS and outcomes related to suspension
and expulsion. The presentations give good details about federal
obligations to report specific suspension/expulsion information, both
baseline and comparative information, and the effect of PBS on
The Special Ed Advocate:
Focus on Discipline - Includes: Discipline - still a hot topic;
Can school suspend or expel a child with LD/ADHD? Functional
behavioral assessments; Discipline caselaw; Free publication - IEP
Team's Introduction to Behavior Assessments & Intervention Plans and
more; and Why Johnny Doesn't Behave - 20 Tips from Experts. [July 17,
New Zero Tolerance Study (PDF; size=285k) shows decrease in
suspensions, increase in school achievement In the wake of the
Columbine high school shooting five years ago (April 20) and other
school shootings, many schools across the country toughened up their
schools' zero tolerance policies, resulting in more youth suspended,
expelled and referred to juvenile court with the harshest impact
falling on youth of color. As a follow up to the February, 2003,
Building Blocks study that illustrated the disproportionate impact of
zero tolerance policies on Kentucky's students of color, this new
study, "Northern Lights" released on April 22 shows that this trend
can be reversed. This report highlights that out-of-school suspensions
can be significantly decreased (over 50%) without compromising
academic achievement. In fact, the report shows major increases in
school achievement during this same period of time.
Parents and Advocates Say Too Many Schools Use Cops to Manage
Classrooms - Since the 1997 version of the Individuals with
Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) was released, educators and school
officials have been calling police more often to handle "behavior
problems" involving students with disabilities.
Connecticut and Michigan Will Help Develop Alternatives To Restraint
- Three years ago, the Hartford Courant ran an investigative
series into the restraint-related deaths of adults and children -- as
young as 6 years of age -- in institutions housing people with mental
illness and developmental disabilities. The team of reporters found
that 142 such deaths occurred nationwide during the previous 10 years.
Behavior Problems Feed Childhood Obesity - Study finds
overweight kids twice as likely to misbehave.
Suspending Disbelief, Moving Beyond Punishment to Promote Effective
Interventions for Children with Mental or Emotional Disorders
(Report, PDF format, May 2003) - Published by the Bazelon Center for
Mental Health Law, this report documents the successful use of
positive behavioral intervention programs throughout the country.
Furthermore, it examines congressional intent regarding the treatment
of children with behavior problems and, by examining administrative
and court decisions interpreting these provisions, compares those
intentions with actual implementation of the mandate. Available in PDF
format (30 pages).