Articles & Resources
Slide show of
Beach Elementary School’s implementation of Positive Behavior
Supports through The WAVE
Florida’s Positive Behavior Support Project
“You’re so smart. Why don’t
you just do it?” - Does the title sound familiar? How many
times parents have we thought this about our child, and maybe even
said this to our child? Probably more times than we care to admit!
Think of the child who can state that he should hand in his homework
but chronically fails to do so, or the child who goes to her room with
every intention of getting dressed for school, only to still be in her
pajamas 20 minutes later! This article will attempt to explain why
“just doing it” is more complicated than it may seem and how we can
help children learn to “do it.”
The WhyTry Program - The goal of the WhyTry Program is to help
youth answer the question, "Why try in life?" (when they are
frustrated, confused, or angry with life's pressures and challenges.)
The WhyTry Program teaches youth that "yes", it is worth trying hard
in life. It offers real solutions and presents these solutions in a
way that the youth can both understand and remember. WhyTry emphasizes
a character education program that consists of ten visual analogies
(pictures) that relate to specific problems and special challenges
that at risk youth face in their every day lives. Each picture
includes various solutions and questions, to help the youth gain
insight in dealing with their own challenges.
Incorporating Positive Behavior Support (PBS) Into the IEP (PDF)
by Laura A. Riffel and Ann P. Turnbull, Beach Center on Disabilities
(University of Kansas) and Technical Assistance Center on Positive
Behavior Support - This document includes information on advanced
preparation, what to do/expect during the meeting (developing goals,
determining placement, assessments, grading, etc.), and concluding the
The Classroom Behavior Report Card Resource Book - The Classroom Behavior
Report Card Resource Book contains pre-formatted teacher and student behavior
report cards, along with customized graphs, for common types of behavioral
concerns in the classroom. It was designed to give teachers and other school
professionals a convenient collection of forms for rating the behaviors of
students in such areas of concern as physical aggression,
inattention/hyperactivity, and verbal behaviors.
Center for Evidence-Based Practice:
Young Children with Challenging Behavior - Recommendations from
the Second Annual Policy Maker’s Summit held November 23, 2004. Read
recommendations for strategies for overcoming the challenges to
applying evidence-based practices presented by eligibility and
diagnosis policies, finance policies, lack of collaboration, lack of
effective services, and knowledge, skills and beliefs.
Building Strong Schools to Strengthen Student Outcomes -
Arkansas State Improvement Grant (SIG): As part of its “Building
Strong Schools to Strengthen Student Outcomes” project, the State of
Arkansas has adopted the goal of “Developing Positive Behavioral
Self-Management Supports: Students, Staff, and Systems.” Implemented
through Project ACHIEVE, Arkansas’ Positive Behavioral Self-Management
System involves student, staff, school, district, and community-wide
programs that build and reinforce (a) students’ interpersonal,
problem-solving, and conflict resolution resilience, strength, and
capacity so that they can academically and behaviorally succeed; (b)
schools’ positive, safe, supportive, and consistent climates and
settings; and (c) collaborative partnerships from school to home to
Florida Boy Accused of Assault With Rubber Band - A 13-year-old
student in Orange County, Fla., was suspended for 10 days and could be
banned from school over an alleged assault with a rubber band,
according to a WKMG Local 6 News report.
Brooke Schools Reward Students' Good Behavior - On the first
day of school in August, incoming freshmen at Brooke County High
School were shown their lockers and classrooms and then herded into a
cafeteria for a rundown of the school's do's and don'ts, including
Stop Discipline Problems that Stem from Fear of Academic Failure -
Positive behavioral support can do more than prevent discipline
problems. It can also help minimize students' resistance to academic
instruction. Plus, it can be used without disrupting classroom
routines. Read about this and other effective discipline and social
skill techniques in the Sept./Oct. issue of TEC.
Schools Where Everyone Belongs outlines research on effective
bullying prevention interventions and presents specific practices and
skills that help schools implement that research. Read the
introduction and first chapter. You can order
Schools Where Everyone Belongs through
Research Press or any other bookstore (ISBN 0974784001). A CD with
video demonstrations of techniques in the book is available. Email
firstname.lastname@example.org for details.
Problem Behavior (PDF; 20 pages) - Learn to understand and manage
your child’s most challenging behaviors.
Behavior Basics (PDF; 18 pages) - Gain a better understanding of
your child’s behavior and learn how to steer him in the right
Schools Experiment to Maintain Order - Based on the theory that
positive behavior has to be mastered before reading and math,
elementary schools focus on disruptive students.
Red & Green Choices - Find 19 Free Printable Charts to Help You
Help Children Model Appropriate Behavior. Developed by an intervention
resource room instructor working in an inclusionary model school, the
"Red and Green Choices" positive behavioral development strategies,
work for a wide age range. "Cindy T's Circle Time" is directed to
younger students - a full color picture book for teachers to use
during class time. "Niki's Next Grade" is a chapter-book story told by
Niki who wants to make a "green next grade plan" with no help from
adults this time! Powerful and motivating for adults and children!
Resources on Positive Behavioral
Support and Functional Behavioral Assessments -
Florida's Positive Behavior Support
Respect: Don't Laugh at Me - Dedicated to creating
safe, caring and respectful environments for children.
School-Wide Information System
Positive Behavioral Interventions &
Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Positive Behavior
Association for Positive Behavior Support (APBS)
Articles & Other
The Association For Positive Behavior Support (APBS) - Learn
about this new organization and about how YOU can become a member.
School-wide Information System (SWIS)
Discussion and Issues of Privacy -
Evidence-based Decision Making PowerPoint Presentation with Dr.
George Sugai - click here.
Help with Behavioral Problems
- The Center for Effective Collaboration & Practice (CECP) has
published a series of short information briefs on research-based
intervention practices and programs for children with behavioral
problems. Written for use by families, these briefs translate research
on effective intervention practices into a format that is easy to
understand and useful for family members and practitioners. The briefs
describe an intervention of interest, explaining its parts and
explaining what research says about what does and what doesn’t work.
In addition, they provide contact information for help on using the
technique. See the list below for more information.
Targets Behavioral Ills -
Approach helps kids discipline
State Accountability for All Students project (SAAS) is a three
year national research project designed to explore the inclusion and
performance of students with disabilities in statewide assessment
programs. States with a higher percentage of special education
students spending more time in regular classrooms tend to have lower
discipline rates. That's what data analysis from the federally funded
State Accountability for All Students show. SAAS challenges districts
to rethink placement for students with behavioral challenges, said
project director John Herner. The finding has immense implications for
educators, particularly if the connection between least restrictive
environment and lower discipline rates can be demonstrated in
large-scale studies, he said. "People believe a lot of kids with
disabilities are disruptive in the general classroom and need to be
someplace else," said Herner, a former Ohio special education
director. "These data indicate that isn't necessarily the case."
North Carolina Stands up to School Bullies - School bullies across North
Carolina could soon lose some of their swagger thanks to a tough new campus
adversary: the State Board of Education. The board is likely to approve a new
anti-harassment policy as soon as next week that would crack down on the kind of
teasing and taunting that past generations accepted as just a part of growing
Book Recommendation: Responding to Problem
Behaviors in School: The Behavior Education Program -
Cut From Band, Boy
Lashed Out, School Official Testifies - A Tale of Two Bands and
One Mother's Response. The following article appeared in the Detroit
Free Press. The response was posted to a parent listserv.
Problem Children Who Can Create Learning Difficulties Get Assistance
- Oakland Schools' Early childhood response to young children with
challenging behaviors: Project Challenge. Installing “kindergarten
cops” in all kindergarten classrooms is not Donna Lackie’s idea of the
best way to handle children who hit, scream, spit or generally act
Florida PBS Project DRAFT "Facilitator’s Guide for Positive Behavior
Support: School-wide Application" (PDF) - Positive Behavior
Support (PBS) is the application of behavior analysis to achieve
socially important behavior change. PBS was developed initially as an
alternative to aversive interventions that were used with students
with severe disabilities who engaged in extreme forms of self-injury
and aggression (Durand & Carr, 1985; Meyer & Evans, 1989). PBS
involves the assessment and reengineering of the environments in which
people live, work, educate, and recreate such that they will
experience reductions in their problem behaviors and increases in
social, personal, and professional quality in their lives. For more
information on Florida's PBS Project, visit
Focus on Results December 2003:
Schools Link Assessment to Behavior Intervention (PDF; size=145k)
- Data-Based Decision Making Makes School Wide Positive Behavior
Support (PBS) More Effective.
From Barriers to Successful Collaboration: Public Schools and Child Welfare
Working Together - Few mechanisms exist to support successful collaboration
between public schools and child welfare agencies. One unfortunate consequence
is that the children ostensibly being served by either system often end up
receiving inadequate services from both systems. Focus groups were held with
caseworkers, educators, and students to learn how the two systems can work more
collaboratively. This article reports on the barriers and successful practices
identified by the participants that affect the educational functioning of
students living in foster care. The article concludes with the participants'
recommendations for practices and policies to improve collaborative efforts
between the two systems.
Intervention Central: find forms, classroom behavior report card
resource book and other downloads. This website is supported by Dr.
Jim Wright, a school psychologist in Syracuse, New York.
The Kentucky Department of Education and
Department of Special Education and Rehabilitation Counseling at
University of Kentucky announce the
Behavior Institute 2004: A three-day conference in June 2004.
Behavior Analysis Association of Michigan (BAAM) 2004 Convention
March 18-19, 2004 at the McKenny Student Union Building, Eastern
Michigan University Campus; Keynote speech "What Descriptive
Approaches to Behavioral Assessment Don't Tell Us About Behavioral
Function" Brian Iwata (University of Florida). Assessment and
Treatment of Severe Problem Behavior Brian Iwata (University of
Florida); The functional analysis approach to assessment and treatment
has been regarded as one of the most significant advances in behavior
analysis in the past 20 years. Procedures derived from this method are
considered the standard in the field in both research and clinical
practice and have been mandated in federal law (IDEA). This workshop
will describe the underlying assumptions of functional analysis
methodology, summarize the most commonly used assessment procedures,
and present an intervention model based on assessment results. A
series of case studies will be used to illustrate the way in which
assessment outcomes influence treatment selection. Emphasis will be
placed on the translation of research findings into application, with
ample use of case studies.