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Last Updated: 02/01/2018

 Disability Information - Sensory Integration Dysfunction (SID)


General Information

Education & Classroom Accommodations

Michigan Resources, Support Groups, Listservs & Websites

National Resources & Websites

Articles Related to this Disability


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 General Information

What is sensory integration?  Sensory integration, simply put, is the ability to take in information through senses (touch, movement, smell, taste, vision, and hearing), to put it together with prior information, memories, and knowledge stored in the brain, and to make a meaningful response. Sensory integration occurs in the central nervous system and is generally thought to take place in the mid-brain and brainstem levels in complex interactions of the portions of the brain responsible for such things as coordination, attention, arousal levels, autonomic functioning, emotions, memory, and higher level cognitive functions. Because of the complexity of the various areas which are dependent upon and interact with each other as well as the child's own personality and environment, it is not possible to have a single list of symptoms which identify sensory integrative dysfunction.  Source: Sensory Integration Dysfunction: Definitions, Evaluations & Solutions;

Frequently Asked Questions about Sensory Integration Dysfunction:

More Frequently Asked Questions

My child does not seem to be able to do the things that other kids his age can do. Is this a sign of some developmental disability?  Some children with motor skills may catch up to their peers as they develop. Others may have postural instability, somewhat low muscle tone or decreased strength that make it difficult for them to develop skills. Problems processing sensory information needed for motor planning may also interfere with motor skill acquisition. Children with motor planning problems may take a long time to learn tasks (such as using playground equipment or shoe tying). They may also be reluctant to repeat these tasks on a daily basis because they require undue amounts of thought and effort. An occupational therapy evaluation focusing on sensory processing issues may be appropriate to identify any developmental issues.

Why does my child have difficulty falling asleep at night?  Some children are over-aroused by the sensory information they have received during their daily life. Auditory, visual, tactile, and movement information that occurs throughout the day can accumulate, making it hard for the child to calm down at the end of the day and fall asleep. Activities that include calming input, such as deep pressure, slow rocking, and neutral warmth can help the child maintain the appropriate level of arousal. Sleeping in a sleeping bag or under heavy blankets, a warm bath before bed, or a bedtime story in a rocking chair may help your child get ready for sleep.

My child seems like such a picky eater, only eating a limited variety of foods. Is this just fussiness or can there be other reasons?  Children who are picky eaters may be sensory defensive or over-sensitive to the feel, smell, or taste of certain foods. Preferences are individual, but sticky foods, such as yogurt, or foods that combine different textures, such as soup or vegetables, often present problems.

Why does my child rock in bed, bang her head, or flap her hands?  There are many reasons why this occurs, but children who are over-aroused by their environment may engage in self-stimulatory activities in order to shut out interfering sensory input. For example, waving hands in front of the face blocks out other visual stimulation. Other children may bang their heads, rock, or bounce in order to provide themselves with the sensory input that their nervous systems need to remain organized.

What is Sensory Integration Dysfunction?
The theory of sensory integration (SI) dysfunction was developed by an occupational therapist by the name of A. Jean Ayres, Ph.D. in the 1950’s and 1960’s. Sensory integration dysfunction or sensory integrative dysfunction is a problem with processing information received through the senses. It can also be described as inefficient neurological processing.
Sensory Integration Network: - Dedicated to bringing current sensory integration resources and information to families, consumers and professionals.

Sensory Integrative Dysfunction in Young Children
by Linda C. Stephens, MS, OTR/L. FAOTA
Various characteristics of sensory integrative dysfunction will be discussed under four categories: attention and regulatory problems, sensory defensiveness, activity patterns, and behavior.
Sensory Integration and Dysfunction - What Is It?
Sensory experiences include touch, movement, body awareness, sight, sound, and the pull of gravity. The process of the brain organizing and interpreting this information is called sensory integration. Sensory integration provides a crucial foundation for later, more complex learning and behavior. For most children, sensory integration develops in the course of ordinary childhood activities. But for some children, sensory integration does not develop as efficiently as it should. When the process is disordered, a number of problems in learning, development, or behavior may become evident.

Sensory Integration Dysfunction
Sensory Integration Dysfunction is the inability of the brain to correctly process information brought in by the senses. Sensory Integration Dysfunction (SID/DSI) or sensory processing deficits can come in many different forms.

A Sample Sensory Diet
The following guidelines represent a kind of sensory diet for one particular child. Keep in mind that every child has a different regulatory and sensory profile, and that these activities are not appropriate or useful for every child. You should get guidance from an occupational therapist or other individual who is experienced with sensory integration.

Ideas for Children With Tactile Sensory Issues
Sheena L. Carter, Ph.D.

Symptoms of sensory disorders in children
Does your child overreact to loud noises, avoid certain textures, appear overly uncoordinated, or simply seem to lack self-control? If so, he or she may be experiencing some kind of sensory disorder. Of course, all children usually undergo a variety of sensory issues while exploring and interacting within their environments. However, if these concerns were to continue or escalate, your child’s ability to learn or function appropriately would be hindered. Sensory disorders have many causes and are incorporated within many other medical diagnoses.

Expert Advice: Sensory Integration
By Eva Rodriguez
Each of us has a sensory system. Put succinctly, it is how our brain and nervous system work together to interpret and act on what is going on around us. We respond to our external environment through the familiar five senses of sight, hearing, taste, smell and touch, as well as through three lesser-known senses : movement (vestibular) body awareness (proprioception) and skin sensitivity (tactile).

Oral Defensiveness Activities
By Virginia Brick and Jacque Shatako
Young children who have feeding issues related to sensory disorder, tactile defensiveness, and poor motor coordination can benefit from stimulation activities at home by parents. Parents of children born prematurely who have sensory integration issues have found these activities to be helpful.

Tactile Defensiveness Activities
Parents of children born prematurely have found these activities useful for tactile defensiveness.

The Tactile Defensive Child
Learn more about this sensory condition, among other sensory integration issues, and see how early intervention helped one young boy overcome the challenges.

Mealtime Hints for Children with Food Aversion
By Rachel Browne
My almost 2 year old surviving triplet has always had some feeding problems but when they suddenly got worse, I was panicked. He went from eating anything that had chunks up to the size of a grain of rice and anything crunchy, to only being able to eat the smoothest purees and a limited amount of crunchy things. I started collecting as much information as I could to try to overcome these sensitivities. This is a compilation of that information.
Heads Up!
Heads Up! is a company designed to provide expert information and products for special needs children. Our items have been selected to accommodate various learning styles and strengths, regardless of curriculum used. These special needs products have been found to be especially helpful for children who are distractible or hyperactive.
Sensory Integration (SI)
The theories behind sensory integration (SI) were first developed by an occupational therapist and researcher, Jean Ayres. In the U.S. and Canada, many OTs are at least familiar with the principles of SI, although technically to practice it one must have completed special training and attained a certificate from Sensory Integration International. SII will provide parents with a list of trained therapists and evaluators.

Sensory Integration (SI) is a theory and type of treatment used primarily by occupational therapists (OTR). Its principles are applicable to all children and adults, but are particularly useful for helping children with autism, learning disabilities, attention problems, prematurity, general developmental delays, Down Syndrome, low muscle tone, and behavior problems.

The following glossary of terms is included to help parents understand words or phrases commonly utilized in testing or treatment of sensory integrative disorders.

DDRC Fast Facts # 114
Jody was recently diagnosed with Down Syndrome. Beverly, her mother, was told by a pediatrician that Jody would benefit from Sensory Integration Therapy. Beverly wants to do everything possible to help her daughter, but she wonders what this type of therapy involves.

Keys to Success: Combining Communication and Sensory Integration Strategies
Jean Loeffelhardt, M.Ed. SLP/CCC, Ellen Yack, O.T.
This presentation proposes that one of the keys to successful intervention programs for individuals with Pervasive Developmental Disorders (P.D.D.) is the inclusion of strategies based on sensory integration theory. These strategies are of particular importance when designing programs to enhance communication skills.

Sensory Integration
Cindy Hatch-Rasmussen, M.A., OTR/L
Children and adults with autism, as well as those with other developmental disabilities, may have a dysfunctional sensory system. Sometimes one or more senses are either over- or under-reactive to stimulation. Such sensory problems may be the underlying reason for such behaviors as rocking, spinning, and hand-flapping.

Sensory Integration, Attention and Learning
by Dana Nicholls OTR/L and Peggy Syvertson M.A.
Attention problems may be the result of many underlying factors. The diagnoses of ADD or ADHD and the use of drugs for treatment is not the only option for someone who has difficulty paying attention. Learning and paying attention is dependent upon the ability to integrate and organize information from our senses. Everyone knows the five basic senses; seeing, hearing, taste, smell and touch. But there are other senses that are not as familiar including the sense of movement (vestibular), and sense of muscle awareness (proprioception). Unorganized sensory input creates a traffic jam in our brain making it difficult to pay attention and learn. To be successful learners, our senses must work together in an organized manner. This is known as sensory integration.

Tactile Defensiveness: Overly Sensitive to Touch
The tactile defensive individual who experiences this extreme sensory registration can have great distress in daily living. This discomfort may be compared to the experience of trimming your fingernails too close.

Learning is presumed to be a function of the brain, and disorders of learning reflect a deviation in neural function. Sensory input plays a critical role in brain function. Sensations from hearing, vision, taste, smell, touch, pressure, and movement provide the input to the brain which is organized for movement, cognition and learning. The richness of the sensory environment and the interactive experience of the individual with the environment contribute to the growth of intelligence.

Sensory integration dysfunction in deaf-blind children
Gail Deuce
For most of us, sensory integration occurs without conscious thought. That is, the organization of information received from our different sensory modalities is then used to enable us to interact effectively within the world around us. In this article Gail Deuce, an experienced teacher of deaf and deaf-blind children, explores these ideas.

Sensory Integration
By Laurel A. Hoekman
Our bodies are intended to function as "well-oiled machines," which receive input from the senses, and organize and process that information to be able to use it appropriately, or to act on it. Our senses include hearing, seeing, touching, tasting, and feeling, as well as the processes of movement and gravity. When these systems are all working properly, and the brain is able to correctly interpret the information they send, we refer to this process as sensory integration; the senses are working together!

Theory of Sensory Integration
Sensory Integration theory attempts to explain the relationship between behavior and neural functioning in regards to sensory processing or integration. This theory predicts specific relationships among neural functioning, sensorimotor behavior, and early academic learning. Sensory Integration theory has three components.

What are some signs of Sensory Integrative Dysfunction?

Hypersensitive to some types of stimuli and Hyposensitive to others

What can I do in my family to help my child?

One thing you will learn is that what works for most kids does not work when your child has an SI disability. Most tactics that are used are behavioral. Which is fine if it is behavior you want to change. This isn't behavior. This is an inability to do something. Would you punish a child who needed glasses for not being able to see the blackboard. No you would provide the glasses and allow the child to move up close to the black board (make the environmental changes necessary).

What is sensory integration?
The senses work together. Each sense works with the others to form a composite picture of who we are physically, where we are, and what is going on around us. Sensory integration is the critical function of the brain that is responsible for producing this composite picture. It is the organization of sensory information for on-going use.

Who has problems with sensory integration?
You may know a child who, although bright, has difficulty using a pencil, playing with toys, or doing self-care tasks, like dressing. Perhaps you have seen a child so fearful of movement that ordinary swings, slides, or jungle gyms generate fear and insecurity. Or maybe you have observed a child whose problems lie at the opposite extreme uninhibited and overly active, often falling and running headlong into dangerous situations. In each of these cases, a sensory integrative problem may be an underlying factor. Its far-reaching effects can interfere with academic learning, social skills, even self esteem.

What steps can be taken?
If a child is suspected of having a sensory integrative disorder, an evaluation can be conducted by a qualified occupational or physical therapist. Evaluation usually consists of both standardized testing and structured observations of responses to sensory stimulation, posture, balance, coordination and eye movements. After carefully analyzing test results and other assessment data along with information from other professionals and parents, the therapist will make recommendations regarding appropriate treatment.

Description of Sensory Integrative Dysfunction
Children who demonstrate several of these behaviors may be appropriate for evaluation.

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 Education & Classroom Accommodations

Sensory Room
Suggestions for Your Home.

Accommodations and Modifications for Students with Handwriting Problems and/or Dysgraphia
Susan Jones, M.Ed.
Many students struggle to produce neat, expressive written work, whether or not they have accompanying physical or cognitive difficulties. They may learn much less from an assignment because they must focus on writing mechanics instead of content. After spending more time on an assignment than their peers, these students understand the material less. Not surprisingly, belief in their ability to learn suffers. When the writing task is the primary barrier to learning or demonstrating knowledge, then accommodations, modifications, and remediation for these problems may be in order.


Handwriting Without Tears
Handwriting Without Tears® (HWT) is the easy way to teach pre-printing, printing and cursive! It was developed by Jan Z. Olsen, OTR, an occupational therapist and handwriting specialist. She has more than 25 years of experience helping children and training teachers and therapists. HWT is an inclusive method for teaching children of ALL ability levels. Children love it. Also, it doesn't take any special training to teach the Handwriting Without Tears method. Parents and new teachers enjoy the simple and clear directions that make it easy to help children. Experienced teachers appreciate the innovative techniques and limited preparation needed to have great success with the entire class. More information about the program can be found in the "HWT Method."

Are you tired of running around looking for sensory regulation products, developmental toys, or other products recommended or used by your therapist? Well give your feet a rest and come explore our web site.

Lindamood-Bell is an organization dedicated to enhancing human learning. We were founded by the authors of critically acclaimed programs that develop the sensory-cognitive processes that underlie reading, spelling, language comprehension, math, and visual motor skills. Our process-based education programs are for individuals ranging from severely learning disabled to academically gifted–ages 5 years through adult.

Fast ForWord
Based on more than 30 years of neuroscience research, Scientific Learning's Fast ForWord® family of products use patented technology to target the language and reading skills widely recognized as the keys to all learning. Each product's interactive exercises integrate proprietary CD-ROM and Internet technology to create an optimal learning environment that adapts to the level of each student. Patented Web-based tracking tools provide ongoing monitoring of each student's progress.

Toy List
Children learn through play. The toys and games listed below can help your child develop skills in planning and sequencing, eye-hand coordination, visual perception, and writing, while having fun. These suggestions include sensory-based activities to facilitate body awareness, as well as games to encourage the development of specific skills. Approximate ages or skill levels are provided to help guide your choices. Many items can be purchased at major toy stores. Certain items are followed by the resource name. Ask your occupational therapist for help in deciding which games or toys best meet your child's needs.

These companies offer a wide range of therapeutic equipment.
Abilitations / Kinetic Kids (800) 850-8602
Achievement Products (800) 373-4699 Fax (800) 766-4303
Equipment Shop (800) 525-7681 Fax (781) 275-4094
Integrations (800) 622-0638
Jump-In (734) 878-0166 Fax (734) 878-0169
Mealtimes (434) 361-2285
Pocket Full of Therapy
Professional Development Products (651) 439-8865 Fax (651) 439-0421
Sensory Comfort (888) 436-2622
Sensory Resources (Bell Curve Records) (888) 357-5867
Southpaw Enterprises, Inc. (800) 228-1698 Fax (937) 252-8502
Spio Works (360) 897-0001 Fax (360) 897-0311
Sprint Aquatic Rehabilitation (800) 235-2156
TalkTools (866) 368-1449
Therapro (800) 257-5376 (508) 875-2062 Fax (800) 265-6624
Weighted Wearables (715) 235-1611
Take A Swing

This comes after hearing from a parent that her son's school would not administer OT to her child because "SI doesn't impact education".  Although I know this is common in public and private education, I was moved to respond.

In Your Pocket Designs
My son James started wearing a weighted vest when he was two. The commercial vests and that fashioned out of necessity worked but seemed uncomfortable and drew attention to the fact that he was different. To respect and help preserve his dignity, I began to make his vest to look like regular clothing. My design soon grew into a business that has helped therapist provide this option for parents and their patients.

Understanding Sensory Integration Issues
By Peg Long, Director of Education Advocacy
The brain and nervous system receive input from body parts as well as from the outside world. The central nervous system is also a means of transmitting messages throughout the body and functions somewhat like a computer system. The messages that are transmitted, however, affect functions such as muscle movement, coordination, learning, memory, emotion, behavior and thought. As with a computer, a breakdown or malfunction in one part of the system often affects other functions of the system.

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 Michigan Resources, Support Groups, Listservs & Websites

Kaufman Children's Center for Speech and Language Sensory Disorders
5793 West Maple Road #150
West Bloomfield, MI 48322
(248) 737-3430 - Tel
Our center provides individual speech, language, occupational and sensory integration therapy. We specialize in children who are of preschool and early-elementary ages. The KCC offers a warm, family-friendly environment and is complete with private observation rooms that permit parents to follow along and be a part of their children's progress. Videotaping of sessions is performed for parents who are unable to attend. Teaching videotapes are also offered as a bridge between our staff and other professionals working with the children.
The Abilities Center
5600 West Maple Rd Suite A-100
West Bloomfield, Michigan 48322
(248) 855-0030
The Abilities Center is a provider of therapeutic services for children with special needs. We treat children from birth through adolescence, working on a variety of developmental issues including fussy babies, feeding problems, sensory integration dysfunction, motor and language delays, autism, fragile x syndrome, cerebral palsy, and learning disabilities. "Clumsy" kids and children who exhibit problems that hold them back from learning or socializing can benefit from intervention at The Abilities Center.
Sensory Systems Inc.
St. Clair Shores clinic offers occupational and physical therapy and sensory integration services.

Phone 586-293-7553 anytime.
Center for Human Development, Beaumont Hospital, Berkley
A team headed by Dr. Ernest Krug III, a respected developmental behavioral pediatrician, offers testing, evaluation, therapy and tutoring. Evaluation typically costs $1,800. Counseling is $120 for a 50-minute session. Most insurance plans will not pay for this service.

Phone 248-691-4744 anytime.
University of Michigan Medical Center
Department of Behavioral and Developmental Pediatrics.

Phone 734-936-9777 anytime.
O.A.T.S. hrh
3090 Weidemann Drive
Clarkston, Michigan 48348
(248) 620-0505 or (248) 620-1775
Welcome to the new O.A.T.S. hrh web site, launched on February 2, 2003. The past few years have seen many changes at O.A.T.S. Our program continues to grow, with the addition of new class times and the introduction of new riders. Our volunteers are continuously being provided with not only the knowledge and training needed to work with our horses and riders, but also with invaluable experiences that they will always cherish. This web site will continue to evolve with our program, in an effort to share the magical experience of O.A.T.S. with all of you. Please bear with us as we continue to develop the site, and be sure to visit it often to see the exciting happenings of our program. Welcome to the dreamland of horses . . .

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 National Resources & Websites

Jill in Illinois writes...."I have a daughter with sensory integration problems and was unable to find a weighted vest she was willing to wear. I decided to make one for her and now I'd like to offer this service to others whose kids might be reluctant to wear the vests that are available." Read the full story or visit her website at  Vests are hand-crafted with many fabric choices available.


Sensory Resources, LLC: This site has an extensive list of resources related to sensory integration. Resources are broken down into categories including: education, OT/PT, parenting children with special needs, sensory integration, and conferences.


Sensory Integration International
Sensory Integration International (SII) is a non-profit, tax-exempt corporation concerned with the impact of sensory integrative problems on people's lives. We bring together professionals, individuals, families, and researchers who want to know more about sensory integration.

The senses work together. Each sense works with the others to form a composite picture of who we are physically, where we are, and what is going on all around us. Sensory integration is the critical function of our brains that is responsible for producing this composite picture. It's the organization of sensory information for on-going use.

American Occupational Therapy Association, Inc.
The American Occupational Therapy Association (AOTA) is the nationally recognized professional association of more than 40,000 occupational therapists, occupational therapy assistants, and students of occupational therapy.

Board: Kids with Sensory Integration Dysfunction
A child diagnosed with sensory integration dysfunction may have extreme difficulty with change, over- or undersensitivity to loud sounds, and excessive reactions to everyday stresses, among other symptoms. Share with other parents who are working with their children on dealing with this special issue.

Sensory Learning Institute
With over ten years of documented success, Sensory Learning Institute® has developed a unique process that combines three highly effective and proven therapeutic modalities into one Supra-Modal Integrative Learning Experience®.

Sensory Integration Dysfunction Yahoo Group
WELCOME FRIENDS! Sensory Integration Dysfunction is as difficult to deal with for the parents, as it is for the children that are diagnosed with it. Here, we can swap ideas and get support and advice on how to deal with your child, the school system, etc...All are welcome!

Speech Diet Yahoo Group
A mailing list primarily for parents of children with speech delays and/or Sensory Integration Dysfunction, but all parents are welcome. Discussion should focus mainly on issues regarding diet, nutrition, vitamins, and dietary supplements and how they affect our children.

sid_dsi - Sensory Integration Disorder Yahoo Group
The purpose of the SID_DSI group is to provide a free space for discussion about sensory issues, occupational therapy, biomed stuff, mercury toxicity, vaccines, and all topics and therapies related to Sensory Integration Disorder (also known as Sensory Integration Dysfunction). Our aim is to provide info and support to parents, relatives, friends and professionals who deal with children who have SID/DSI. Statements posted on this group are for information only, and should NOT be taken as medical advice.

TLC-SID Yahoo Group
This group is for parents and professionals who want to talk about how to Treat the underLying Causes of Sensory Integration Dysfunction (hence TLC-SID). Sensory Integration Dysfunction can exist as a diagnosis all on its own and it can be a part of other diagnoses such as autism, attention deficit disorders with or without hyperactivity, pervasive developmental disorder, speech delays and disorders such as apraxia, learning disability, prematurity and Asperger Syndrome.

Sensory Imbalance Kids Yahoo Group
Welcome to Sensory Imbalance Kids! This is a place to talk about the special needs and challenges created by disorders such as Sensory Integration Dysfunction, and other sensory processing disorders. Parents, those who have these problems, and professionals who have clients with sensory integration issues are all welcome!

DSIKIDS • Spectrum Kids Yahoo Group
A list for parents, family, and friends of kids with speech delay, DSI (Sensory Integration Dysfunction), Autism, ASD (autistic spectrum disorder), PDD, and other related disorders. People who work with Special Kids are also very welcome! A place to find friends, get advice, acceptance, and support.

LittleSID Yahoo Group
This is a support groups for parents of younger children who have sensory integration disorder. This is an open forum for parents to get together and discuss current issues and problems that they may be experiencing! We can provide ideas and other ways to cope with problems. It is nice to know that there are other people out there dealing with similar issues!

Sensoryintegration Yahoo Group
Share concerns, ideas, resources about sensory integration difficulties birth through adult. I am a speech/language pathologist that works with many individuals with sensory problems.

Sensory Integration Group Yahoo Group
This spot is for the discussion of sensory integration (SI); for information, education, and therapy related to SI; for support of families dealing with sensory issues, children having behavioral and/or neurological difficulties, identifying triggers, and looking at solutions so everyone has a better quality of life as well as improved health. Whether you call it SID, DSI, out-of-sync, incredibly unique, different, my precious little one, or something else, this semi-moderated volunteer group is meant to provide practical ideas and support in daily lives.

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 Articles Related to this Disability

Mind-boggling Therapy - The little boy's greeting came as a shock to Bradley Habermehl. "He smiled, looked me in the eye and said, 'Hello, Dr. Habermehl, how are you today?' " the Genesee Township optometrist says. That may seem like no big deal except the boy, Eric Callahan, diagnosed as having mild-to-moderate autism, hadn't looked people in the eye and said hello before. This was a child who had flapped his arms, walked on his tiptoes and had terrible tantrums - a boy who didn't like interacting with others and who wasn't very verbal. But those behaviors were now gone; Eric was a different child.


Detroit Free Press
Detroit-area services offer innovative ways to help with motion, muscle control and autism.

Health Week
If you’re a parent, you know that the senses of young children can easily be overwhelmed. Loud noises bother some. For others, it’s certain tastes or smells. But at what point does heightened sensitivity become abnormal? Some researchers say many kids who are hypersensitive actually suffer from a disorder. And treatment centers are springing up that claim they can help. HealthWeek’s Eugenia Halsey looks at their methods... and the controversy surrounding them.

One Mom's Synopsis: The Out-Of-Sync Child
I have written a special synopsis that you are about to read. It is a synopsis of the book the "The Out of Sync Child" as it pertains to my daughter Katherine Amanda Kelly. As you may or may not be aware Katherine was evaluated at 2 years of age by the Birth to Three System of the State of Connecticut. This evaluation came after we as parents had concerns about her development. Katie had not been speaking many words by age two and this concerned us. She also seemed to be delayed in her development in different areas compared to other children I observed in our different activities we attended.

A Synopsis of Treatment/ A Story of Development
Dawn M. Drexler-Mendoza
The following paragraphs serve as a brief documentation of the growth and development of Katherine Kelly over the past 8 months. My name is Dawn M. Drexler-Mendoza and I was privileged to serve as the Occupational Therapist working with Katherine “Katie” Kelly through Project Interact, Inc. a service provider for the State of Connecticut, Birth to Three System.

Sensory Integration Dysfunction
By Allison Martin
An Interview with Carol Kranowitz, author of Out-of-Sync Child.

Costume helps children with sensory dysfunctions
By Mark Berry
'Bugman' makes therapy fun, effective for children with sensory integration dysfunction.  The superpowers come from a costume and helmet, which can be donned by any preschool-aged child. They do not allow flight or X-ray vision, but they do something else. They help children with sensory problems.

Sensory Integration Disorder in Children Adopted from Institutions
By Harriet McCarthy
Being the mother of three older post-institutionalized children, I've had to acquaint myself with a variety of developmental issues, most of which I'd never heard of before I became an adoptive parent. Over the last 14 months since the adoption of my second and third child I've learned a great deal about Sensory Integration Disorder, it's symptoms and therapies, as well as it's critical effects on all aspects of a child's life.

A Day in the Life of Alex : Coping with Sensory Integration Dysfunction
By Dale Lips
I have a child whose thermostat doesn't work properly. That's right -- his thermostat! Another term for this is sensory integration dysfunction, but I find that thinking of it as a thermostat malfunction helps me to help him. Since he has trouble responding to stimulation in his environment, I help him out by organizing his day and anticipating his reactions so that he will stay on even-keel.

Interview with Lorna Jean King, OTR, FAOTA
Lorna Jean King (LJK) is one of the pioneers of sensory integration therapy. Ms. LJK is an international lecturer on this topic, and is the Founder and Director of the Center for Neurodevelopmental Studies, Inc. in Phoenix, Arizona. This interview was conducted by Stephen M. Edelson (SE) on June 9, l996.

My Experiences with Visual Thinking Sensory Problems and Communication Difficulties
by Temple Grandin, Ph.D.
In this paper, I will describe my experiences with autism. The main areas I will cover are visual thinking, sensory problems, and difficulties with communication. After I describe my experiences, I will discuss the similarities and differences between myself and other people with an autism diagnosis. There is probably a continuum of autism subtypes that vary in the pattern of neurological abnormality and the severity of neurological problems.

Cruel Misunderstanding - Sensory Integration Dysfunction
by Reba Griggs
Cindy was frightened. Before Tommy's birth, Cindy entertained idyllic fantasies about her future child. She imagined reading bedtime stories, and laughing and snuggling with him until he fell asleep. After showering Tommy with love, respect and discipline, she'd be rewarded with a brilliant, athletic, and affectionate son.

Bad Sensations
Imagine a child's world in which certain sounds are unbearable and the slightest touch painful. Children who suffer from Sensory Integration Dysfunction live in such a world.

When Play Isn't Fun
by Amy E. Tracy
Five-year-old Connor didn't like going to the park. While his twin brother Tim and younger sister Rachel, three, played on the slides, swings, and tunnels, Connor sat in the sandbox and watched. He wasn't having fun.

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