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 IEP Issues - Related Services

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bridges4kids Exclusive: A Service Is Not A Need Now Available!  This article by Calvin and Tricia Luker is an excellent resource on the subject.  File is in pdf format and is 258kb in size.


Music Therapy and Special Education


Michigan Rules and Regulations Governing Private Schools and Homeschools - click here. (View the pdf document - click here.  Also see "Tips on Searching a Text File".)


Therapeutic Listing Tips from a Parent: Biggest problem was they recommend VERY expensive headsets (needed for a full range of sound) and a really good (therefore also expensive) CD player. The CDs themselves aren't cheap either, at least for parents. (Perhaps $200 to get started.)  Try different CDs as some of them can be irritating to some kids.  Find a way for the child to try it for 2 to 3 months before investing in the setup.  Remember, the OT also needs training to make this therapy effective.


POSITION STATEMENT: The School Nurse and Specialized Health Care Services

National Association of School Nurses -
History: Students with specialized health care needs attend school, and many of these students require special health care procedures in order to support life and/or maintain health. Description of Issue: Students with special health care needs have the right to attend school in a least restrictive setting which does not place them at risk for added health impairment. The school nurse is prepared to identify and assess students with special health care needs and is a member of the special education evaluation team.

Rationale: Students with special health care needs have the right to receive the required special health care from qualified and adequately trained personnel. Ongoing evaluation and assessment of the appropriateness of special health care procedures must be provided in order to assure the safety and appropriate placement of these students. The school nurse is qualified to determine the level of training required to competently perform specific health care procedures for students in the school setting and the appropriate delegation of tasks (see Delegation Position Statement).

Conclusion: It is the position of the National Association of School Nurses that special health care for students in the schools be provided or delegated as appropriate by a school nurse. Any student with a health condition requiring ongoing nursing management at school should have an IHP (Individualized Health Plan). The school nurse shall be responsible for writing the Individualized Health Plan and the health component of the Individualized Education Plan.


IEP Issues: Frequency of Related Services - As parents, it is your responsibility to read and understand what is written throughout the IEP. Remember that you are agreeing to even the most minute detail on each page. Nothing verbal counts - always get it in writing and included on the actual IEP forms.  What you *think* something means and what it *really* means are usually two completely different things.
Read very carefully what is written on the "frequency" area of the form for related services on your child's IEP.  For instance, you may see a services frequency "range" with a minimum and a maximum listed. In a perfect world, the minimum would be needed only for those times when the provider would be unable to meet the maximum because of meetings, school recesses, student or therapist absences and the like. However, be aware that the minimum may in fact "be" what your child ends up receiving on a regular basis.  BE WILLING TO ACCEPT WHAT IS WRITTEN AS THE MINIMUM OR REQUEST THAT THE FREQUENCY LISTED AS MINIMUM IS INCREASED.  This is especially true if the provider has no ability to schedule "make up" times (for example, if the schedule is totally full with no time even set aside to be available for make up sessions).


Even if the actual minimum is provided on a regular basis, the school district will be considered "compliant." What you may be verbally promised (ie. "we usually provide more than the minimum") may or may not happen.  It is important to follow up and know what your child is actually receiving.

Remember, if your child is receiving less than the maximum, it may NOT be the fault of the provider. They may have been told that the district can only provide the minimum of necessary services. Therefore, it is up to parents to monitor what is actually being provided and whether or not that is what your child needs.


Music Therapy and Special Education

American Music Therapy Association, Inc.

Music Therapy is considered a related service under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA).

When music therapy is deemed necessary to assist a child benefit from his/her special education, goals are documented on the Individual Education Plan (IEP) as a related service intervention.


Music therapy can be an integral component in helping the child with special needs attain educational goals identified by his/her IEP team.


Music therapy interventions can address development in cognitive, behavioral, physical, emotional, and social skills. Music therapy can also facilitate development in communication and sensory-motor skills.


Music therapy can offer direct or consultant services as determined by the individual needs of the child.


Music therapists can support special education classroom teachers by providing effective ways to incorporate music into their academic curriculum.


Music therapy involvement can stimulate attention and increase motivation to participate more fully in other aspects of the educational setting.


Music therapy interventions apply the inherent order of music to set behavioral expectations, provide reassurance, and maintain structure for children with special needs.


Music therapy can adapt strategies to encourage a child's participation in the least restrictive environment.


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