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Article of Interest - AYP

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Bridges4Kids LogoNearly 900 Michigan Schools Don't Meet Progress Goals
by Alexandra R. Moses, Detroit News, January 31, 2004
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Nearly 900 Michigan schools didnít meet progress requirements and 112 must begin planning for a restructuring under a tough federal law mandating that schools improve standardized test scores.

Under the stateís accreditation system, nine schools were unaccredited -- the equivalent of failing -- in first-ever school report cards made public Friday. Of the schools that got grades, most received Bs and Cs.

The yearly progress data is based on the Michigan Educational Assessment Program test, and the school report cards are based on the MEAP and other factors, such as family involvement, curriculum, student attendance and special programs. If schools donít meet yearly progress goals, their grades go down.

Of the 896 schools failing to meet progress goals, 112 havenít made improvements for five years, 108 for four years, 143 for three years and 48 for two years.

MEAP scores are broken into four categories and students are proficient if they score in the top two.

The progress measure is part of requirements under the federal No Child Left Behind act, which aims to ensure 100 percent of students can read and do math at grade level by 2014.

ďNo Child Left Behind is a moral imperative. Raise your hand if you think your child or any other child should be left behind. The answer is Ąno,Ēí said Tom Watkins, state superintendent of public instruction.

The state has pledged to help schools improve their test scores and promised to tweak the system as it looks to the next report card.

The report cards are part of the stateís accreditation system and two-thirds are based on the MEAP. On the report card, 259 schools received an ĄAí, 976 got a ĄBí, 991 got a C and 94 got a ĄDí. A number of schools -- 1,143 -- didnít receive a grade, because they are too small or too new and didnít have the statistical information needed to calculate a grade.

The MEAP data is from tests taken by elementary, middle and high school students in 2003.

Schools that donít show progress face penalties, ranging from allowing students to transfer if the school hasnít met the goals for two years to planning for a restructuring if it has failed to meet them for five years.

Schools can miss the progress targets in several ways. The main one is if not enough students show proficiency on the math or reading tests. But schools also have to make sure 95 percent of students take the test, and 268 schools didnít make the targets because not enough students took the test. Four didnít because they didnít have an 85 percent attendance rate and 19 didnít have an 80 percent graduation rate.

High-performing schools also can get penalized on report cards if they donít improve from year to year, or if their scores actually fall, even if theyíre above the target. Green Elementary School in Oakland Countyís West Bloomfield Township got a ĄBí instead of an ĄAí because its MEAP scores -- though high -- have gone down over the last five years, from 89.6 percent proficient in math in 1998 to 79.8 percent in 2003.

List of schools

The 896 schools that didnít meet progress requirements.

About school report cards

Details about the makeup of report cards for schools under the state's Education Yes school accreditation plan:

-- Michigan Educational Assessment Program test: 67 percent of grade. Among the factors it considers is whether student achievement is going up or down.

-- School Performance: 33 percent of the grade. It considers factors including family involvement, school curriculum, student attendance, professional development for teachers and other things such as whether a school has arts education and humanities courses.

-- If the school makes adequate yearly progress on the MEAP, as required under the federal No Child Left Behind act, the grade may go up; if it doesn't, the grade may go down.

Source: Michigan Department of Education

Details on adequate yearly progress

Adequate yearly progress measures whether schools have improved their Michigan Educational Assessment Program test scores from year to year. The goal is that schools do better each year, until 100 percent of students are proficient on the test. That goal is to be reached, under the federal No Child Left Behind act, in the 2013-14 school year. Progress is measured by math and reading scores. Schools also have to show that students in certain demographic groups, which include racial groups and special education students, are making progress.

If schools don't meet the requirements, they face sanctions that increase each year they are on the list. The sanctions include:

Schools not making AYP for two years in a row:

-- Identified for school improvement and must notify parents of their status;

-- Must offer to allow students to transfer to a school within the district that makes AYP;

-- District must pay for transportation of transferring students using some of its Title I money;

-- Will receive technical assistance to improve performance;

-- Must implement a two-year school improvement plan.

Schools not making AYP for three years in a row:

-- Must offer supplemental services, such as tutoring, to low-achieving students.

Schools not making AYP for four years in a row:

-- Identified for corrective action and must follow one of the options as selected by the school district: replace staff who are relevant to failure to make AYP; implement a new curriculum and provide professional development; decrease management authority; appoint outside expert to advise on school improvement plan; extend school year or school day; or restructure internal organization of school.

Schools not making AYP for five years in a row:

-- Identified for restructuring and must begin planning for it.

Schools not making AYP for six years in a row:

-- Must implement restructuring and follow one of these options as selected by the school district: Reopen as charter school; replace all or most of relevant school staff; contract with outside entity to operate school; undergo a state takeover; or undertake any other major restructuring of school's governance that makes fundamental reform.

Sources: Michigan School Public Relations Association and the Michigan Department of Education.

On the Net:

Michigan Department of Education:

No Child Left Behind:

West Bloomfield Schools:


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