The No Child Left Behind Act of 2002 (NCLBA)


Last Updated: 08/21/2018


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Articles & Resources


Parents Desire Better Tools, Information to Help High School Students Succeed, Report Finds - Parents with students in low-performing high schools say their schools don't give them the tools and information they need to be more effective in helping their students succeed, a new report from Civic Enterprises finds.

Schools Reclassify Students, Pass Test Under Federal Law - Will C. Wood Middle School faced a vexing situation when last year's test results came out in August. Most students had met the mark set by No Child Left Behind. But African American students' math scores fell far short of it, bringing the school into failing status in the eyes of the federal law. One hundred students were categorized as black when they took the test last spring. But if the school had fewer than 100 students in that group, their low scores wouldn't count. So Principal Jim Wong reviewed the files of all the students classified as African American on the test, he said, and found that four of them had indicated no race or mixed race on their enrollment paperwork. Wong sent his staff to talk to the four families to ask permission to put the kids in a different racial group.


MI Dismantling Failing Schools Right Way to Stem Dropouts - The devastating news that three-quarters of students who enter freshmen classes in Detroit Public Schools aren't around on graduation day would be even more horrific had it fallen on deaf ears, as have past reports on the performance of Detroit schools. But new school Superintendent Connie Calloway got out in front of the report from America's Promise Alliance with a surprise announcement that the district will dismantle five of the city's worst performing schools and replace them with smaller, innovative programs.


«Click here to view more articles related to the No Child Left Behind Act of 2002«

Over 175 additional articles on NCLBA in this section - new articles added frequently!


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Parental Rights & Involvement

Beyond the Bake Sale: The Essential Guide to Family-School Partnerships - This innovative guide reveals how to build strong collaborative relationships and offers practical advice for improving interactions between parents and teachers, from insuring that PTA groups are constructive and inclusive to navigating the complex issues surrounding diversity in the classroom.

National Coalition for Parent Involvement in Education (NCPIE) - NCPIE was founded in 1980, at the initiative of what was then the National School Volunteer Program (now National Association for Partners in Education), with funding from the Ford Foundation and Union Carbide. At NCPIE, our mission is simple: to advocate the involvement of parents and families in their children's education, and to foster relationships between home, school, and community to enhance the education of all our nation's young people.

Featured Website: Give Kids Good Schools - Parents often want to do more to ensure that their child is getting the best education possible, but this can seem like an overwhelming task. This excellent list of resources and ideas is a good place to start.


The Parent, Family, and Community Involvement Guide (PDF)  from the Massachusetts Department of Education

School-Parent-Community Partnerships Resource Book (PDF) from the Indiana Department of Education

10 Ways That Parents Can Be Involved at Home (PDF) from the Indiana Department of Education

Best Practice Brief: Parent Involvement in schools (PDF) - This Brief is one of two developed on behalf of those schools facing the necessity to improve student performance scores. It summarizes information about the impact that parent involvement can have and the multiple ways in which parents can be involved with schools. The material is organized with bullets and checklists to facilitate its use by school personnel.

School Success Tool-Kit: Tools to Help You Get Involved in Your Child's Education (PDF) from


Parents' Involvement Not Key to Student Progress, Study Finds - A new study examining why similar California schools vary widely in student achievement produced some surprising results: Involved parents and well-behaved youngsters do not appear to have a major effect on how well elementary students perform on standardized tests.

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Info on the "No Child Left Behind" Website

from "Monday Morning in Washington, D.C." published by Jackie Golden of The Inclusion Research Institute of Washington, DC

On January 8, 2002, President Bush signed into law the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001. The Act, which embodies his education reform plan sent to Congress on January 23, 2001, is the most sweeping reform of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) since ESEA was enacted in 1965. It redefines the federal role in K-12 education and will help close the achievement gap between disadvantaged and minority students and their peers. It is based on four basic principles: stronger accountability for results, increased flexibility and local control, expanded options for parents, and an emphasis on teaching methods that have been proven to work.  Visit their Website at  The new "No Child Left Behind" Website offers: * An executive summary of the Act * A preliminary overview of programs & changes * The text of the Act * The conference committee report * What the Act means for your state.


No Child Left Behind Website - No State Left Behind: The Challenges and Opportunities of ESEA 2001 by ECS which highlights where many states are in relationship to some of the major requirements


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Adequate Yearly Progress


New Rules Give Credit to Underachieving Students for Making Progress - More Pennsylvania schools this year are likely to make adequate yearly progress on state tests because the federal government has approved a measure that considers student growth, not just whether students are proficient.


Grad Rates Likely To Drop With New Formula - Look for Michigan's overall high school graduation numbers to drop as the state prepares to release its data next week based on a new formula agreed upon by the National Governors Association (NGA).

Click here for more information on high stakes testing.


Meeting the Spirit of AYP Through School Reform: Cohesion, Coordination, and Alignment Lead to Student Achievement - This FOCUS on Results document offers information on why cohesion, coordination, and alignment of critical subsystems are essential for student achievement. This article looks at how the five subsystems work together to support student learning within and across programs through the process of educational change, systemic reform, and re-culturing.


MI Feds Shoot Down MDE Changes - The U.S. Department of Education (USDOE) has rejected portions of the Michigan Department of Education's (MDE) Annual Yearly Progress (AYP) plans to meet the federal No Child Left Behind (NCLB) requirements. As a result, the AYP school report cards will be delayed, more schools will fail to meet the AYP and the MDE is likely to be assessed financial penalties up to $200,000 for 2007.


States Test Limits of Federal AYP Flexibility - This report finds that states are continuing to find new ways to calculate adequate yearly progress (AYP) under the No Child Left Behind Act in order to raise the number of schools and districts that meet the law’s student achievement targets. The report acknowledges that many of the changes are necessary adjustments made in response to states’ difficulties in administering the law, but calls on states and the U.S. Department of Education to be more transparent about the approaches used to calculate AYP.

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Teacher Qualifications


Achieving "High Quality" in the Selection, Preparation and Retention of Teachers - Although the typical age of college graduates has risen from age 22 to age 26, it is still generally true that most of those preparing to teach are college age youth, that is, late adolescents and young adults. Approximately 80% of those preparing to teach are youngsters below age 26 and approximately 20% are older "non-traditional" post baccalaureate students or adults in alternative certification or on-the job training programs.


No States Meet Teacher-quality Goal Set in Federal Law - Not a single state will have a ''highly" qualified teacher in every core class this school year as promised by President Bush's education law. Nine states, along with the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico, face penalties.


Check your child's Michigan Teacher Certification Status

Bill Summary: The Ready to Teach Act - Congressional Republicans are targeting the nation's teaching colleges with the first in what will be a series of bills to reauthorize the Higher Education Act (HEA). The Ready to Teach Act seeks to ensure that teacher training programs are producing well-prepared teachers to meet the needs of America's students.


Read the article "California Definitions of Qualified Teachers Rejected by Ed. Dept."


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No Child Left Behind: Supplemental Educational Services Non-Regulatory Guidance - The U.S. Department of Education has issued guidance to further clarify the roles of states and districts in implementing supplemental educational services under the No Child Left Behind Act. The document, ³Supplemental Educational Services Non-Regulatory Guidance,² features ideas for connecting parents to supplemental education services providers, who offer free tutoring and other academic enrichment activities to qualified students whose schools aren¹t meeting their yearly progress goals. The guidance was last updated in 2003, and since then the Department has made several important policy decisions to address concerns from states, school districts, parents, and academic service providers.


PA Schools' Tutor Program Must Change, U.S. Says - The Philadelphia School District must make changes to its after-school program by September to continue as an approved tutoring provider under the No Child Left Behind law, the U.S. Department of Education has ruled.


SES Ruling Leaves Thousands Behind - A recent decision by the U.S. Department of Education (ED) gives a huge lift to private companies that supply after-school tutoring and other supplemental education services (SES) for the nation's schools--but it also could result in a disruption or loss of service for tens of thousands of students in the Chicago Public Schools (CPS) and other districts of similar status.


Supplemental services for students in failing schools: Helping eligible students in public schools “in need of improvement” receive the free, high-quality tutoring services they need. Visit for more details.


U.S. States Suffer Halting Start On Tutoring - At least five states have been operating under the impression—mistaken, according to the Department of Education—that none of their public schools must meet a key requirement in the new federal education law this school year.


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Supplemental Services


Is My Child Eligible For Supplemental Educational Services? - Children in schools receiving Title I funds that have not made adequate yearly progress for three years are entitled to supplemental educational services (SES)—free tutoring and other extra academic help outside of the regular school day. Also included, information on the Supplemental Educational Services Tool Kit.


INDIA Online Math Tutoring is Soon to be a Possibility - The offices of Educomp Datamatics in Delhi looks like any other Indian call center, apart from one crucial fact: Its staff are math tutors offering support to students in the U.S. Because of the Bush Administration's 2002 No Child Left Behind Act, if schools do not improve their pass percentages, they lose state funding. This has led some schools to turn to American tuition companies for help. Known as Supplemental Education Service providers, some of the larger ones such as, Smart Thinking and eSylvan, can charge up to US$40 an hour. Educomp Datamatics in India, on the other hand, charges only US$20-25 an hour.


Brochure Available To Help Inform Parents About Free Tutoring Under NCLB (PDF) - Thanks to No Child Left Behind, parents are receiving more options than ever before to help their children succeed in school. Under NCLB, low-income students in schools that do not meet state standards in reading and math for three consecutive years are eligible to receive supplemental educational services such as free tutoring.


Teachers' Unions Seize Opportunity to Provide Supplemental Services - The Rochester Teachers Association in New York and the Toledo Federation of Teachers in Ohio have both become approved supplemental-service providers in their states and are working with their districts to tutor children from low-income families and those who are struggling academically. [Free login/registration required.]

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